Treatment for Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that develop inside or on the uterus. Up to 80% of women develop fibroids by the age of 50. Fibroids are generally not considered dangerous, however, they can cause debilitating symptoms including heavy menstrual bleeding leading to anemia (leading to chronic fatigue)  and severe cramps.  They can grow so large and push on surrounding organs like the bladder and bowels and nerves, causing women to have to pee often and feel constipated and have back pain, similar to what pregnant women experience.. . If you’ve been diagnosed with fibroids, it’s critical that you receive the proper treatment as early as possible.

Depending on the size, location, and number of fibroids, different treatments may be recommended. At American Fibroid Centers, we want women to understand every option available to them so they can make well-informed decisions about their health. Historically, major surgeries like hysterectomy and myomectomy have been used to treat fibroids. With recent medical advances and more powerful imaging technology, our affiliated physicians offer Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), a minimally invasive-image guided procedure with fewer complications, quicker recovery times, and without a hospital stay.

Background Image Gray

Uterine Fibroid Treatment Options

Most uterine fibroids do not cause symptoms or require medical treatment. In some cases, they can be painful and debilitating. If your fibroid symptoms are interfering with your everyday life, it’s important to seek treatment. At American Fibroid Centers, our affiliated physicians will evaluate your symptoms and determine the best treatment path based on your individual needs.

Lifestyle Changes

While you cannot prevent fibroids, there are ways to shrink them naturally. Eating a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight is important for your overall health. The following lifestyle changes can help reduce your risk of developing fibroids or can help shrink your existing fibroids.

Icon Checkmark

Get Routine Pelvic Exams

Fibroids are often found during a routine pelvic exam. If you aren’t seeing your OBGYN on a regular basis, it’s important to start now. Early detection will allow you to treat fibroids before they grow larger and become symptomatic.

Icon Checkmark

Eat a Healthy Diet

Eating excess refined carbohydrates and foods with added sugar may trigger or worsen fibroid symptoms. Add certain foods to your diet, such as fruits and vegetables, and avoid others, like boxed cereals.

Icon Checkmark

Exercise Regularly

Fat cells produce and hold on to estrogen, a hormone that has been linked to fibroid growth in excess. If you’re considered obese, exercising regularly can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight.

Icon Checkmark

Limit Your Caffeine and Alcohol Intake

Caffeine and alcohol raise the estrogen and progesterone levels in your body, which causes fibroids to grow. Alcohol may also trigger inflammation. If you have fibroids, you should avoid or limit your consumption of these substances.

Icon Checkmark

Take Vitamin D Supplements

Studies suggest that you can combat fibroid growth with calcium, magnesium, and phosphate. If you already have fibroids, you should take Vitamin D supplements. Vitamin D may help reduce your risk by almost 32 percent.

Icon Checkmark

Manage Your Stress Levels

Our bodies produce extra hormones to handle stress, stimulating fibroid growth. Stress can also cause fibroids that were once asymptomatic to grow at an alarming rate. Find ways to manage your stress, such as walking or listening to calming music.


Medication is often the first treatment used to ease mild to moderate fibroid symptoms, such as heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic discomfort. For some women, it is worth trying medication before undergoing a surgical procedure. Your doctor may recommend the following medications to relieve pain and, in some cases, shrink fibroids.

Icon Checkmark

Oral Contraceptives

Taking birth control pills can help to reduce heavy bleeding and regulate the menstrual cycle for women with fibroids. They are a good option for women who aren’t planning to become pregnant in the near future.

Icon Checkmark


Progestins are synthetic versions of the hormone progesterone that thin the lining of the uterus and may reduce heavy menstrual bleeding associated with fibroids. Many progestins are taken by mouth and also prevent pregnancy.

Icon Checkmark

GnRH Agonists

Medications called gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists decrease estrogen and progesterone levels in the body, helping to shrink fibroids and reduce bleeding. GnRH therapy is prescribed to shrink fibroids prior to surgery.

Icon Checkmark

Iron Supplements

Since fibroids can cause heavy menstrual bleeding and anemia, your doctor may recommend taking iron supplements. Iron helps to replenish your body’s supply of red blood cells. These supplements are available without a prescription.

Icon Checkmark

Pain Medication

Your doctor may prescribe an over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to help relieve mild fibroid pain and discomfort. NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, can also reduce heavy bleeding caused by fibroids.

Icon Checkmark

Intrauterine Devices (IUD)

Although intrauterine devices are typically used to prevent pregnancy, they have other benefits as well. An IUD that releases a small amount of hormone into the uterine cavity can decrease heavy or irregular bleeding caused by fibroids.

Minimally Invasive Fibroid Treatment

Many women believe that hysterectomy and myomectomy are the only options available to get rid of fibroids. Both surgical procedures are invasive and require extensive downtime and are associated with higher risk of complications Our affiliated physicians offer Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), a minimally invasive option to treat fibroids while preserving the uterus.

Icon Checkmark

Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Uterine Fibroid Embolization is a minimally invasive, outpatient procedure used to treat fibroids without the need for surgery. During UFE, a catheter is inserted into the groin or wrist to deliver embolic agents that block blood flow to the fibroids, causing them to shrink and die. About 85-90% of women saw significant improvement in their symptoms after UFE.

Icon Checkmark

UFE vs. Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy can be laparoscopic, vaginal, or abdominal — in all three scenarios, the uterus is surgically removed.. You’ll no longer be able to get pregnant after this operation. Hysterectomy also involves a hospital stay and about 6 to 8 weeks of recovery time. UFE, unlike a hysterectomy, preserves the uterus, has a 10-day recovery time, and gives women the possibility of getting pregnant in the future.

Icon Checkmark

UFE vs. Myomectomy

Unlike hysterectomy, which removes your entire uterus, myomectomy removes only the fibroids and keeps the uterus intact. Depending on the size, number, and location of your fibroids, you may be eligible for an abdominal, laparoscopic, or hysteroscopic myomectomy. Although a myomectomy may be effective in removing fibroids, a woman often has multiple fibroids that can’t all be removed.  Hence, there is a greater chance of recurrence after the procedure.  A myomectomy may also increase the risk of fertility complications from infection or scarring and have a longer recovery time of about 4-6 weeks. After UFE, many women have successful pregnancies and only a short observation period is needed before sending you home the same day.

Background Image Gray

What is the Best Treatment for Uterine Fibroids?

The best way to treat uterine fibroids for most women is Uterine Fibroid Embolization. UFE is a minimally invasive-image guided procedure, performed by an experienced interventional radiologist. Women who do not wish to undergo major surgery and want to keep their uterus should strongly consider UFE treatment.

UFE only involves a tiny incision that causes minimal if any scarring and has fewer risks of complications. It’s usually performed as an outpatient procedure and requires no hospital stay. UFE patients generally get back to work and normal activities after a week and find quick relief from their fibroid symptoms after the procedure.

What to Expect from Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Icon Checkmark
Less invasive than surgery
Icon Checkmark
Quicker recovery time
Icon Checkmark
No hospital stay required
Icon Checkmark
Preserves the uterus

Uterine Fibroid Embolization FAQ

Does UFE Affect Fertility?

For many women with fibroids, the desire for future pregnancy is an important part of the fibroid treatment decision-making process. Since the uterus is preserved with UFE, it is a safe and effective option for women who plan on becoming pregnant after the procedure. By utilizing a more conservative approach, patients retain their ability to bear children and can avoid the risks, side effects, and extended downtime associated with other procedures. Be sure to talk with your doctor about UFE and fertility rates during your initial consultation.

Can All Fibroids Be Treated With UFE?

One of the biggest advantages of UFE is that it treats all types of fibroids and can treat multiple fibroids all at once, regardless of size, number, and location. Once the fibroids are removed, they are dead and should not grow back. Each person is different and needs to be evaluated on an individual basis. The decision to undergo UFE should be made after going through all of the options available, including surgery.

What Should I Expect After UFE?

Since UFE is performed as an outpatient procedure, most women are able to go home the same day. Right afterwards, you may have to lie flat for a couple ofhours and your doctor will give you over-the-counter pain medication. UFE patients generally get back to work in 10 days compared to a 32-day recovery period for a hysterectomy. Your fibroids will continue to shrink for a year or more after UFE, relieving painful fibroid symptoms. Your doctor may also recommend certain lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, to help maintain your results.

Schedule an Appointment

Schedule an appointment at your nearest American Fibroid affiliated center.

Our Fibroid Specialists

Our board-certified, affiliated physicians at American Fibroid Centers are among the nation’s most experienced in treating women with fibroids. They will work closely with you to create a treatment plan that best suits your specific needs and concerns. Our affiliated team strives to provide the highest quality care in a safe and comforting environment.

Our Fibroid Centers in NY & NJ

American Fibroid Centers has convenient outpatient centers, serving women across New York and New Jersey. Each of our locations is equipped with a team of highly skilled professionals and state-of-the-art technology to ensure the best possible outcome for your condition. Find your nearest location for expert fibroid care today.

Brooklyn, NY
71 Carroll Street
Brooklyn, NY 11231
Visit Location
Queens, NY
28-18 31st Street
Queens, NY 11102
Visit Location
Harlem, NY
505 East 116th Street
Harlem, NY 10029
Visit Location
West Orange, NJ
347 Mount Pleasant Avenue
West Orange, NJ 07052
Visit Location

What Our Patients Are Saying

Learn more about our patients’ experiences at American Fibroid Centers.

From the Experts

Get to know more about the symptoms, causes, treatment, and care of Uterine Fibroids.

AdobeStock 237219543
Schedule an Appointment

Schedule an appointment at your nearest American Fibroid affiliated center.