Two Women having Tea

Adenomyosis Frequently Asked Questions

Adenomyosis FAQs

Adenomyosis is a gynecological condition that affects the uterus, and it can often be confused with uterine fibroids. Patients with both adenomyosis and fibroids can experience similar symptoms which can lead them to go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for months or even years. At American Fibroid Centers, our affiliated physicians strive to provide high-quality and effective care for women and ensure they get the treatment they deserve. Read our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about adenomyosis for more information.

What is Adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis is a condition that occurs when the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) breaks through the muscular wall of the uterus (myometrium). While the condition is not life-threatening, it can lead to painful and uncomfortable symptoms, and it causes the uterus to thicken and enlarge.

What are the Common Symptoms of Adenomyosis?

About 1 in 3 women who have adenomyosis do not see any signs or symptoms of the condition. However, depending on the severity, some women may experience the following and notice changes in their period, fertility, and overall quality of life:

  • Painful periods
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Abdominal pressure or bloating
  • Enlarged uterus (up to double or triple its usual size)
  • Pelvic pain
What Causes Adenomyosis?

The exact cause of adenomyosis is unknown. However, experts suggest that the condition is more common in women who:

  • Are between the ages of 40 and 50
  • Have given birth at least once
  • Have inflammation from uterine surgery
  • Have endometriosis
Who is at Risk of Developing Adenomyosis?

Women with adenomyosis are usually late in their childbearing years, between the ages of 35 and 50. The condition typically presents when levels of certain hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, are higher than normal. Other factors that may increase your risk of developing adenomyosis include:

  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Previous uterine surgery, such as C-section, fibroid removal, or a D&C (dilation and curettage)
How is Adenomyosis Diagnosed?

To determine if you have adenomyosis, you should schedule an appointment with your OBGYN for a routine pelvic exam. Your doctor will ask about your medical history and any symptoms you’re experiencing. If they feel any tenderness, or the uterus is slightly enlarged, they may order additional tests. These may include:

  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Endometrial biopsy
What are the Treatment Options for Adenomyosis?

Since estrogen promotes endometrial tissue growth, adenomyosis symptoms usually go away after menopause. There are some conservative treatment options that can help ease pain and manage heavy bleeding, such as NSAIDS (ibuprofen or naproxen) and birth control medications. 

If these treatment methods are unsuccessful, your doctor may recommend Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE). UAE is a non-surgical procedure that is performed by a board-certified Interventional Radiologist in an outpatient setting. The procedure only requires a small incision and patients are able to return home the same day. UAE offers several benefits over traditional surgery, including shorter recovery time, fewer complications, and preservation of the uterus.

Can Adenomyosis Be Cured, or Is It a Lifelong Condition?

The only definitive cure for adenomyosis is a hysterectomy or total removal of the uterus. However, most women with the condition see their symptoms lessen or go away completely after menopause. Your treatment will likely depend on the severity of your symptoms and how close you are to that stage of life.

Is Adenomyosis a Form of Cancer?

The good news is that adenomyosis is a common benign (noncancerous) condition, so it does not cause cancer or lead to cancer itself. The probability of cancer arising from adenomyosis is very rare, with transformation occurring in only 1% of cases and in older individuals.

Can Adenomyosis Lead to Infertility?

Researchers do not yet know whether adenomyosis is a cause of infertility in women. Many women with adenomyosis also suffer from endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or polyps, all of which can affect fertility. According to the Japan Society of OB/GYN, adenomyosis may be linked to a miscarriage rate of 50%, a preterm birth rate of 24.4%, and a fetal retardation rate of nearly 12%. While the relationship between adenomyosis and fertility remains unclear, infertility treatments, such as IVF, may be necessary.

Are There Any Lifestyle Changes That Can Help Manage Symptoms of Adenomyosis?

Early diagnosis of adenomyosis is crucial to ensure you get the best treatment possible for your condition. Treatment focuses primarily on the management of symptoms, such as pain and heavy bleeding. It’s important to get evaluated by a specialist to determine if surgery is right for you. In the meantime, certain lifestyle changes can help, including: 

  • Physical therapy
  • Pain management
  • Birth control medication
  • Eating an anti-inflammatory diet
  • Hormone-regulating supplements
How is Adenomyosis Different from Uterine Fibroids?

Adenomyosis and uterine fibroids share similar symptoms but are distinctly different conditions. Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that can develop in or on the uterus. While fibroids grow individually or in clusters, adenomyosis is a less-defined mass of cells located within the uterine wall. Along with heavy, painful periods, fibroids can cause other bulk-related symptoms, such as abdominal bloating, frequent urination, and constipation.

How is Adenomyosis Different from Endometriosis?

Both adenomyosis and endometriosis are conditions related to the uterine lining and can look very similar. Endometriosis occurs when uterine-like tissue grows outside of the uterus, most commonly on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and intestines. With adenomyosis, uterine-like tissue grows deep into the uterine walls. Overlapping symptoms like painful periods or pain during intercourse often lead to misdiagnosis.

Do The Affiliated Physicians at American Fibroid Centers Treat Adenomyosis?

At American Fibroid Centers, our affiliated physicians specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine fibroids. They use the latest technology and minimally invasive techniques to uncover the source of your symptoms and create a treatment plan that is personalized to your needs. If one of our affiliated physicians discovers that you have adenomyosis, they can refer you to the right type of doctor to help treat your condition.

Request an Appointment

Request an appointment at your nearest American Fibroid affiliated center.

Our Fibroid Specialists

Our board-certified, affiliated fibroid specialists in NY and NJ, are highly trained in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine fibroids. Their goal is to address fibroid pain and related symptoms through Uterine Fibroid Embolization, a minimally invasive-image guided procedure. When you choose to work with us, our team will ensure that you are comfortable and confident in the care you receive from start to finish.

Our Fibroid Centers in NY & NJ

American Fibroid Centers has offices located in New Jersey and New York to provide women with convenient access to exceptional uterine fibroid treatment. Most of our facilities are accredited by the Joint Commission and adhere to the utmost health code standards. Find your nearest location to schedule a visit with one of our affiliated physicians today!

Brooklyn, NY
71 Carroll Street
Brooklyn, NY 11231
Visit Location
Queens, NY
28-18 31st Street
Queens, NY 11102
Visit Location
Fishkill, NY
60 Merritt Boulevard
Fishkill, NY 12524
Visit Location
Harlem, NY
505 East 116th Street
Harlem, NY 10029
Visit Location
West Orange, NJ
347 Mount Pleasant Avenue
West Orange, NJ 07052
Visit Location

What Our Patients Are Saying

Learn more about our patients’ experiences at American Fibroid Centers.

You really need to identify who you are when texting.
Lt P
Lt P
17:01 21 Jun 23
Very professional and informative
Kieran McDonald
Kieran McDonald
21:48 12 Jun 23
Dr. Abadir and his staff are wonderful.
21:28 03 May 23
Wonderful staff very kind very thorough no waiting♥️. I’ve never been to a doctors office and treated with so much respect.. I’m looking forward to my next appointment 😇
Denise Sciarra
Denise Sciarra
16:16 17 Mar 23
The staff could not have been friendlier! I was treated so well and my procedure was a huge success!
Darcy Sala
Darcy Sala
14:44 28 Feb 23
Very friendly and hard working people. Excellent doctor and team!!!Thanks for being so helpful and encouraging!
finda jackson
finda jackson
13:37 03 Feb 23
Great experience very through staff are extremely helpful and friendly no wait time I highly recommend.
william cardoza
william cardoza
15:05 12 Sep 22
A doctor who listens, smart and personable, I liked him.
sherry svec
sherry svec
21:38 16 May 22
Went there for the first time didn’t have to fill out paperwork which constantly asked the same question. Nurses were friendly didn’t have to come back a second time to have test done did it rite then, doctor explain everything set up appointment to have procedure done and I’m very confident in the doctor
12:23 25 Jan 22
Excellent service. Dr. Abadir and staff were attentive and thoughtful. All communication regarding my visit were clear and concise and they took the time to listen and address all of my questions. Great visit!
dennis bernstein
dennis bernstein
14:50 21 Jan 22
I thank you very much you took good care I feel great I am very happy with you and I will be back .
Maleta Ford
Maleta Ford
14:24 02 Sep 21
Super friendly and communicative. Efficient staff in the office. A unique experience for a doctors office. Dr Abadir was concise and effective in his exam and explanations
William Silsdorf
William Silsdorf
19:56 07 Jun 21
I found the staff Extremely cordial and professional. Dr. Abidir took his time and explained what procedures needed to be doneAnd why he recommended them to establish a diagnosis.Dr. Abidir was reassuring and listened to and answered all of my questions.So far I am very pleased with the endo vascularProgram here.Clare Garvey
Clare Garvey
Clare Garvey
20:39 17 May 21
Pleased with staff and doctor is very compassionate
Jose Quinones
Jose Quinones
23:57 15 Mar 21
Thank you to you and your great staff.Bill Baratta
Rita Baratta
Rita Baratta
15:07 26 Jan 21

From the Experts

Get to know more about the symptoms, causes, treatment, and care of Uterine Fibroids.

Why Am I Having Cramps Between Periods
Request an Appointment

Request an appointment at your nearest American Fibroid affiliated center.